Which Motor Used in Electric Vehicle?

This article will tell you which motor is used in electric cars. The electric car remains in discussion for its power and features. An electric vehicle runs entirely on electricity, and an electric motor is used to run it. There are many different types of electric motors in a modern electric car, so knowing which engines you have will help you understand how they work.

There are three main types, synchronous, asynchronous, and permanent magnet. Each class offers a different level of performance and is best suited for a particular use.

Most electric cars use AC and DC motors, meaning that the engine can run on two types of current power. Regardless of which type of electric motor you choose for your new electric vehicle, it’s essential to understand how they work to maximize your vehicle’s potential.

The most common type of motor used in electric vehicles in 2023 is the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM). PMSMs are efficient, have a high power density, and provide good torque at low speeds. This makes them ideal for use in EVs, which require a lot of torque to get moving from a standstill.

PMSMs are used in a wide range of EVs, from low-cost budget models to high-performance sports cars. Some examples of EVs that use PMSMs include:

  • Tesla Model 3
  • Chevrolet Bolt EV
  • Nissan Leaf
  • Hyundai Kona Electric
  • Kia Niro EV
  • Volkswagen ID.4
  • Ford Mustang Mach-E
  • Audi e-tron GT
  • Porsche Taycan

What Motor is in an Electric Car?

Such Motors Are Used in Electric Cars.

  1. DC Series Motor
  2. Brushless DC Motor
  3. Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM)
  4. Three-Phase AC Induction Motors
  5. Switched Reluctance Motors (SRM)

1. DC Series Motor

DC means direct current means the motor that runs on DC power is called a DC motor. Such a high torque is required to run this motor.

This motor gives good power due to which heavy loads are lifted. This motor is mainly taken in Atmel in Railways. One bad thing about this motor is that its maintenance cost is very high. This motor is rarely used.

2. Brushless DC Motor

DC brushless motor is also a type of direct current-driven motor. The permanent magnet is used in this motor. The short name of this motor is BLDC motor.

The starting torque of this motor is very high, and the power delivery efficiency of this motor is very high. This motor is used in vehicles requiring more power.

If we talk about this motor, then this motor is mainly used in the wheels there. The rotor of this motor does not rotate, and the stator of this motor works. But different types of motors are used in other vehicles.

3. Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM)

A permanent magnet synchronous motor is also a type of DC motor. The permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is a very efficient electric motor.

The permanent magnets on the rotor produce an endless magnetic field. The poles of the rotor are in synchronism with the area of the stator and, therefore, in direct polarity. This allows the PMSM to start and stop automatically when connected to a three-phase current network with a frequency of 50 Hz.

Permanent magnets on the rotor provide the magnetic field. The rotor starts rotating at a synchronous speed, and the permanent magnets in the rotor are affected by this.

The rotor is wound in a sinusoidal manner and is connected to a stator. The repulsive force of the magnetic field between the shunted rotor and the stator produces torque.

4. Three-Phase AC Induction Motors

You must have heard about three phases; 3 phase current is called 3 hours. Similarly, the motor that runs on 3 3-phase current is called 3 3-phase motor. This motor converts electrical to mechanical energy. No starting current is required for this motor to run. This motor is a self-starter. There are only two parts in this motor that are used more.

  1. Stator
  2. Rotor

1. Stator

That part of the stator motor is called the part which remains fixed in one place and does not rotate. The part of that motor is called the stator. Magnets are attached in this type of part, where the rotor keeps spinning.

2. Rotor

The rotor is the rotating part of the motor. This part keeps rotating inside the stator, which makes the motor run. The rotor is made of a winding of copper wires. The shaft of the rotor is used to drive the motor. This is called a rotor.

What is the Function of the Motor in an Electric Car?

An electric car’s motor functions by converting electrical energy into mechanical energy, which drives the vehicle’s wheels. This propulsion system is more efficient than a combustion engine, allowing the car to travel the longest distance on a single charge.

A simple, three-cylinder engine uses the energy to point toward a central point, and the rotor acts as an alternator. This process also fills up the battery. The electric car motor is connected to the battery in the car, and electric energy is supplied to the stator.

The stator consists of conducting wire coils, which act as magnets. These coils pull the conducting rods out of the rotor, causing the rotor to spin. This motion produces mechanical energy that turns the car’s tires and gears. However, this process can only be achieved by a single-phase motor. This is the function of the engine in Kush Electric Car.


In this article, we have told you how the motor works in an electric car and what type is used.

My name is Gagandeep Singh, and I am the proud owner of this website. Moreover, with more than five years' hands-on experience in the electric vehicle industry (EV)

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